Thyroid cancer

Causes of thyroid cancer
Most malignant thyroid tumors are of unknown causes. However, there are some circumstances that can increase your chances of getting it. Many variables influence a person’s risk of developing thyroid cancer, including age, noncancerous thyroid problems, and a genetic predisposition to thyroid cancer. The following are some of the risk factors for thyroid cancer:

● Being a woman
● People between the ages of 25 and 65 are at risk. (Papillary thyroid carcinoma patients average 50 years old)
● ​​Of Asian descent
● Radiation exposure. External radiation to the head, neck, or chest, or exposure to a radiation catastrophe like Chernobyl, which resulted in an increase in children with thyroid cancer, are examples. As early as five years after exposure, cancer can arise.
● A history of goiter (enlarged thyroid gland)
● A genetic predisposition to thyroid cancer or thyroid disease
● Having certain genetic mutations. This is especially true for medullary thyroid carcinoma, which has a strong family history. If you or a family member has been diagnosed with medullary thyroid carcinoma, you can have a blood test that checks for a mutation in a gene called RET that has been linked to the disease. When people realize they have the gene, they may choose to have their thyroid removed (thyroidectomy) to reduce their risk of cancer. This operation is suitable even for young children.
● Iodine deficiency.
● Being overweight or obese. Heavier patients usually appear in later stages and with more malignant tumors.

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